C++ Interview Question 14 Answer



This question is compilable and deterministic.

Its output is “acabBA”.


Static local variables are initialized the first time control passes through their declaration. The first time foo() is called, b is attempted initialized. Its constructor is called, which first constructs all member variables. This means A::A() is called, printing a. A::A() then throws an exception, the constructor is aborted, and neither b or B::a are actually considered constructed. In the catch-block, c is printed, and then foo() is called again. Since b was never initialized the first time, it tries again, this time succeeding, printing ab. When main() exits, the static variable b is destroyed, first calling the destructor printing B, and then destroying member variables, printing A.