# C++: Iterated Digits Squaring

If you add the square of the digits of a Natural number (an integer bigger than zero), you always end with either 1 or 89:

```15 -> 26 -> 40 -> 16 -> 37 -> 58 -> 89
7 -> 49 -> 97 -> 130 -> 10 -> 1```

An example in Python:

```>>> step = lambda x: sum(int(d) ** 2 for d in str(x))
>>> iterate = lambda x: x if x in [1, 89] else iterate(step(x))
>>> [iterate(x) for x in xrange(1, 20)]
[1, 89, 89, 89, 89, 89, 1, 89, 89, 1, 89, 89, 1, 89, 89, 89, 89, 89, 1]```
Count how many number chains for integers 1 <= n < 100_000_000 end with a value 89.

Or, for much less credit – (showing that your algorithm and/or language is slow):

Count how many number chains for integers 1 <= n < 1_000_000 end with a value 89.
Slow (~10 seconds on my machine) brute force C++ implementation:
```#include <iostream>

// returns sum of squares of digits of n
unsigned int sum_square_digits(unsigned int n) {
int i,num=n,sum=0;
// process digits one at a time until there are none left
while (num > 0) {
// peal off the last digit from the number
int digit=num % 10;
num=(num - digit)/10;
// add it's square to the sum
sum+=digit*digit;
}
return sum;
}
int main(void) {
unsigned int i=0,result=0, count=0;
for (i=1; i<=100000000; i++) {
// if not 1 or 89, start the iteration
if ((i != 1) || (i != 89)) {
result = sum_square_digits(i);
}
else {
result = i;
}
// while we haven't reached 1 or 89, keep iterating
while ((result != 1) && (result != 89)) {
result = sum_square_digits(result);
}
if (result == 89) {
count++;
}
}
std::cout << count << std::endl;
return 0;
}
```
Output:
`85744333`

SOURCE

Content is available under GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.